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Some basic informations

There are 2 basic ways a running shoe can be constructed: a neutral running shoe or a supported running shoe. A running shoe’s support (a firm midsole material or other technologies for stabilization of the longitudinal arch) can vary significantly depending on where it is used.

The different foot positions and rolling movements can vary for example depending on the degree to which your arch has collapsed:

Überpronation Neutral Supination

The arch is the musculature in the sole of the foot (incl. extensions of your calf muscles) between the balls of your feet and the heel.

In the first step, we want to find out how far your arch has collapsed or is above the ground

One way to determine your foot shape would be to moisten the soles of your feet and stand on a piece of paper (ideally blotter paper). Try to achieve a very uniform weight distribution.Once you step back from the paper down, compare your footprint, with the image shown above.

In the second step, analyse the axes of your legs

The assistance of another person would be helpful for this. That person should look at you from behind to determine how straight your leg axes run down from the hips, behind the knees, and down to your ankle (see illustration below).

Odoo image and text block

It is also helpful to note how far apart your knees are when you put your feet completely together with the ankles touching.

  • If your knees also touch when you have ankles touching, then your axes tend to be straight.
  • If your ankles touch, but your knees do not, then you are bow-legged.
  • If you knees come together and you can’t bring your ankles together at the same time, then you are knock-kneed.

If you are bow-legged or knock-kneed, you should take this into account when considering your footprint.

  • People with knock-knees also tend to over-pronate and have a collapsed arch. The pronation would be a natural foot position given the axis of the legs.

  • Tendenz zu O-Beinen (als Indiz für Supination): Diese geht oft mit einer Tendenz zur Supination und somit einem abgehobenem bzw. leicht abgehobenem If you are bow-legged, it is likely you supinate and walk with an elevated arch. The supination would be a natural foot position given the axis of the legs.

Your result


The stronger the overpronation, the more stable the rest of the shoe should be*. Support running shoes can be found  here.

Normal pronation

We recommend a neutral (unsupported) running shoe. Neutral running shoes can be found  here.


We recommend a neutral (unsupported) running shoe. Neutral running shoes can be found  here.

*Attention: note that the lowering of the arch as you run is the body’s normal way of absorbing the shock of the impact on the foot. It is advisable to counteract this with a supported shoe only when really necessary in the case of injuries, massive overpronation, etc. Overpronation and supination are also often due to weak muscles or muscular imbalances, so don’t relieve the burden from your muscles too much. Instead, challenge and train them! More information can be found in our knowledge or from your massage therapist, physiotherapist, sports physician, and the like!